The Crown of Thorns

Author:

Publisher:Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN:3642158072

Total Pages:343

Viewed:1479

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Books Description:

Recent progress in numerical methods and computer science allows us today to simulate the propagation of seismic waves through realistically heterogeneous Earth models with unprecedented accuracy. Full waveform tomography is a tomographic technique that takes advantage of numerical solutions of the elastic wave equation. The accuracy of the numerical solutions and the exploitation of complete waveform information result in tomographic images that are both more realistic and better resolved. This book develops and describes state of the art methodologies covering all aspects of full waveform tomography including methods for the numerical solution of the elastic wave equation, the adjoint method, the design of objective functionals and optimisation schemes. It provides a variety of case studies on all scales from local to global based on a large number of examples involving real data. It is a comprehensive reference on full waveform tomography for advanced students, researchers and professionals.

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Full-3D Seismic Waveform Inversion

Author:Po Chen,En-Jui Lee

Publisher:Springer

ISBN:3319166042

Total Pages:513

Viewed:1562

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Books Description:

This book introduces a methodology for solving the seismic inverse problem using purely numerical solutions built on 3D wave equations and which is free of the approximations or simplifications that are common in classical seismic inversion methodologies and therefore applicable to arbitrary 3D geological media and seismic source models. Source codes provided allow readers to experiment with the calculations demonstrated and also explore their own applications.

Seismic Inversion

Author:Yanghua Wang

Publisher:John Wiley & Sons

ISBN:1119258022

Total Pages:256

Viewed:1554

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Books Description:

Seismic inversion aims to reconstruct a quantitative model of the Earth subsurface, by solving an inverse problem based on seismic measurements. There are at least three fundamental issues to be solved simultaneously: non-linearity, non-uniqueness, and instability. This book covers the basic theory and techniques used in seismic inversion, corresponding to these three issues, emphasising the physical interpretation of theoretical concepts and practical solutions. This book is written for master and doctoral students who need to understand the mathematical tools and the engineering aspects of the inverse problem needed to obtain geophysically meaningful solutions. Building on the basic theory of linear inverse problems, the methodologies of seismic inversion are explained in detail, including ray-impedance inversion and waveform tomography etc. The application methodologies are categorised into convolutional and wave-equation based groups. This systematic presentation simplifies the subject and enables an in-depth understanding of seismic inversion. This book also provides a practical guide to reservoir geophysicists who are attempting quantitative reservoir characterisation based on seismic data. Philosophically, the seismic inverse problem allows for a range of possible solutions, but the techniques described herein enable geophysicists to exclude models that cannot satisfy the available data. This book summarises the author’s extensive experience in both industry and academia and includes innovative techniques not previously published.

Computational Seismology

Author:Heiner Igel

Publisher:Oxford University Press

ISBN:0191026859

Total Pages:360

Viewed:1327

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Books Description:

This book is an introductory text to a range of numerical methods used today to simulate time-dependent processes in Earth science, physics, engineering, and many other fields. The physical problem of elastic wave propagation in 1D serves as a model system with which the various numerical methods are introduced and compared. The theoretical background is presented with substantial graphical material supporting the concepts. The results can be reproduced with the supplementary electronic material provided as python codes embedded in Jupyter notebooks. The book starts with a primer on the physics of elastic wave propagation, and a chapter on the fundamentals of parallel programming, computational grids, mesh generation, and hardware models. The core of the book is the presentation of numerical solutions of the wave equation with six different methods: 1) the finite-difference method; 2) the pseudospectral method (Fourier and Chebyshev); 3) the linear finite-element method; 4) the spectral-element method; 5) the finite-volume method; and 6) the discontinuous Galerkin method. Each chapter contains comprehension questions, theoretical, and programming exercises. The book closes with a discussion of domains of application and criteria for the choice of a specific numerical method, and the presentation of current challenges.

Seismic Inversion

Author:Yanghua Wang

Publisher:John Wiley & Sons

ISBN:1119258049

Total Pages:256

Viewed:1031

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Books Description:

Seismic inversion aims to reconstruct a quantitative model of the Earth subsurface, by solving an inverse problem based on seismic measurements. There are at least three fundamental issues to be solved simultaneously: non-linearity, non-uniqueness, and instability. This book covers the basic theory and techniques used in seismic inversion, corresponding to these three issues, emphasising the physical interpretation of theoretical concepts and practical solutions. This book is written for master and doctoral students who need to understand the mathematical tools and the engineering aspects of the inverse problem needed to obtain geophysically meaningful solutions. Building on the basic theory of linear inverse problems, the methodologies of seismic inversion are explained in detail, including ray-impedance inversion and waveform tomography etc. The application methodologies are categorised into convolutional and wave-equation based groups. This systematic presentation simplifies the subject and enables an in-depth understanding of seismic inversion. This book also provides a practical guide to reservoir geophysicists who are attempting quantitative reservoir characterisation based on seismic data. Philosophically, the seismic inverse problem allows for a range of possible solutions, but the techniques described herein enable geophysicists to exclude models that cannot satisfy the available data. This book summarises the author’s extensive experience in both industry and academia and includes innovative techniques not previously published.

Optimization and Decision Science: Methodologies and Applications

Author:Antonio Sforza,Claudio Sterle

Publisher:Springer

ISBN:3319673084

Total Pages:641

Viewed:1791

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Books Description:

This proceedings volume highlights the state-of-the-art knowledge related to optimization, decisions science and problem solving methods, as well as their application in industrial and territorial systems. It includes contributions tackling these themes using models and methods based on continuous and discrete optimization, network optimization, simulation and system dynamics, heuristics, metaheuristics, artificial intelligence, analytics, and also multiple-criteria decision making. The number and the increasing size of the problems arising in real life require mathematical models and solution methods adequate to their complexity. There has also been increasing research interest in Big Data and related challenges. These challenges can be recognized in many fields and systems which have a significant impact on our way of living: design, management and control of industrial production of goods and services; transportation planning and traffic management in urban and regional areas; energy production and exploitation; natural resources and environment protection; homeland security and critical infrastructure protection; development of advanced information and communication technologies. The chapters in this book examine how to deal with new and emerging practical problems arising in these different fields through the presented methodologies and their applications. The chapter topics are applicable for researchers and practitioners working in these areas, but also for the operations research community. The contributions were presented during the international conference “Optimization and Decision Science” (ODS2017), held at Hilton Sorrento Palace Conference Center, Sorrento, Italy, September 4 – 7, 2017. ODS 2017, was organized by AIRO, Italian Operations Research Society, in cooperation with DIETI (Department of Electrical Engineering and Information Technology) of University “Federico II” of Naples.

Frontiers in PDE-Constrained Optimization

Author:Harbir Antil,Drew P. Kouri,Martin-D. Lacasse,Denis Ridzal

Publisher:Springer

ISBN:1493986368

Total Pages:434

Viewed:642

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Books Description:

This volume provides a broad and uniform introduction of PDE-constrained optimization as well as to document a number of interesting and challenging applications. Many science and engineering applications necessitate the solution of optimization problems constrained by physical laws that are described by systems of partial differential equations (PDEs)​. As a result, PDE-constrained optimization problems arise in a variety of disciplines including geophysics, earth and climate science, material science, chemical and mechanical engineering, medical imaging and physics. This volume is divided into two parts. The first part provides a comprehensive treatment of PDE-constrained optimization including discussions of problems constrained by PDEs with uncertain inputs and problems constrained by variational inequalities. Special emphasis is placed on algorithm development and numerical computation. In addition, a comprehensive treatment of inverse problems arising in the oil and gas industry is provided. The second part of this volume focuses on the application of PDE-constrained optimization, including problems in optimal control, optimal design, and inverse problems, among other topics.

Advances in Geophysics

Author:

Publisher:Academic Press

ISBN:0128124148

Total Pages:104

Viewed:368

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Books Description:

Advances in Geophysics, Volume 58, the latest in this critically acclaimed serialized review journal that has published for over 50 years, contains the latest information available in the field. Users will find valuable chapters highlighting the Novel use of geodynamics in plate tectonic reconstruction, and on Optimized experimental design in the context of seismic full waveform inversion and seismic imaging. Since 1952, each volume in this series has been eagerly awaited, frequently consulted, and praised by researchers and reviewers alike. Now in its 58th volume, it is truly an essential publication for researchers in all fields of geophysics. Provides high-level reviews of the latest innovations in geophysics Written by recognized experts in the field Essential publication for researchers in all fields of geophysics

Euro-Par 2015: Parallel Processing

Author:Jesper Larsson Träff,Sascha Hunold,Francesco Versaci

Publisher:Springer

ISBN:3662480964

Total Pages:703

Viewed:668

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Books Description:

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Parallel and Distributed Computing, Euro-Par 2015, held in Vienna, Austria, in August 2015. The 51 revised full papers presented together with 2 invited papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 190 submissions. The papers are organized in the following topical sections: support tools and environments; performance modeling, prediction and evaluation; scheduling and load balancing; architecture and compilers; parallel and distributed data management; grid, cluster and cloud computing; distributed systems and algorithms; parallel and distributed programming, interfaces and languages; multi- and many-core programming; theory and algorithms for parallel computation; numerical methods and applications; and accelerator computing.

Spectral and High Order Methods for Partial Differential Equations ICOSAHOM 2014

Author:Robert M. Kirby,Martin Berzins,Jan S. Hesthaven

Publisher:Springer

ISBN:3319198009

Total Pages:530

Viewed:591

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Books Description:

The book contains a selection of high quality papers, chosen among the best presentations during the International Conference on Spectral and High-Order Methods (2014), and provides an overview of the depth and breadth of the activities within this important research area. The carefully reviewed selection of papers will provide the reader with a snapshot of the state-of-the-art and help initiate new research directions through the extensive biography.

Finite Volumes for Complex Applications IX - Methods, Theoretical Aspects, Examples

Author:Robert Klöfkorn,Eirik Keilegavlen,Florin A. Radu,Jürgen Fuhrmann

Publisher:Springer Nature

ISBN:3030436519

Total Pages:775

Viewed:1302

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Books Description:

The proceedings of the 9th conference on "Finite Volumes for Complex Applications" (Bergen, June 2020) are structured in two volumes. The first volume collects the focused invited papers, as well as the reviewed contributions from internationally leading researchers in the field of analysis of finite volume and related methods. Topics covered include convergence and stability analysis, as well as investigations of these methods from the point of view of compatibility with physical principles. Altogether, a rather comprehensive overview is given on the state of the art in the field. The properties of the methods considered in the conference give them distinguished advantages for a number of applications. These include fluid dynamics, magnetohydrodynamics, structural analysis, nuclear physics, semiconductor theory, carbon capture utilization and storage, geothermal energy and further topics. The second volume covers reviewed contributions reporting successful applications of finite volume and related methods in these fields. The finite volume method in its various forms is a space discretization technique for partial differential equations based on the fundamental physical principle of conservation. Many finite volume methods preserve further qualitative or asymptotic properties, including maximum principles, dissipativity, monotone decay of free energy, and asymptotic stability, making the finite volume methods compatible discretization methods, which preserve qualitative properties of continuous problems at the discrete level. This structural approach to the discretization of partial differential equations becomes particularly important for multiphysics and multiscale applications. The book is a valuable resource for researchers, PhD and master’s level students in numerical analysis, scientific computing and related fields such as partial differential equations, as well as engineers working in numerical modeling and simulations.

High Performance Computing in Science and Engineering ́16

Author:Wolfgang E. Nagel,Dietmar H. Kröner,Michael M. Resch

Publisher:Springer

ISBN:3319470663

Total Pages:678

Viewed:1997

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Books Description:

This book presents the state-of-the-art in supercomputer simulation. It includes the latest findings from leading researchers using systems from the High Performance Computing Center Stuttgart (HLRS) in 2016. The reports cover all fields of computational science and engineering ranging from CFD to computational physics and from chemistry to computer science with a special emphasis on industrially relevant applications. Presenting findings of one of Europe’s leading systems, this volume covers a wide variety of applications that deliver a high level of sustained performance. The book covers the main methods in high-performance computing. Its outstanding results in achieving the best performance for production codes are of particular interest for both scientists and engineers. The book comes with a wealth of color illustrations and tables of results.

Tsunami Generation and Propagation

Author:Tatsuhiko Saito

Publisher:Springer

ISBN:4431568506

Total Pages:265

Viewed:655

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Books Description:

This book introduces a framework of tsunami modelling from generation to propagation, aimed at application to the new observation started in Japan after the devastating tsunami of the 2011 Tohoku-Oki earthquake. About 150 seismic and tsunami sensors were deployed in a wide region off the Pacific coast of eastern Japan in order to catch tsunami generation inside the focal area, which makes a clear departure from conventional observations that detect tsunamis far from the source region. In order to exploit the full potential of this new observation system, it is not enough to model tsunami generation simply by static sea-bottom deformation caused by an earthquake. This book explains dynamic tsunami generation and sea-bottom deformation by kinematic earthquake faulting, in which seismic and acoustic waves are also included in addition to static sea-bottom deformation. It then systematically derives basic tsunami equations from the fundamental equations of motions. The author also illustrates the details of numerical schemes and their applications to tsunami records, making sound linkages among these topics to naturally understand how a tsunami is physically or mathematically described. This book will be a comprehensive guide for graduate students and young researchers to start their research activities smoothly.

Dictionary of Mathematical Geosciences

Author:Richard J. Howarth

Publisher:Springer

ISBN:3319573152

Total Pages:893

Viewed:1421

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Books Description:

This dictionary includes a number of mathematical, statistical and computing terms and their definitions to assist geoscientists and provide guidance on the methods and terminology encountered in the literature. Each technical term used in the explanations can be found in the dictionary which also includes explanations of basics, such as trigonometric functions and logarithms. There are also citations from the relevant literature to show the term’s first use in mathematics, statistics, etc. and its subsequent usage in geosciences.

High Performance Computing in Science and Engineering ' 17

Author:Wolfgang E. Nagel,Dietmar H. Kröner,Michael M. Resch

Publisher:Springer

ISBN:3319683942

Total Pages:529

Viewed:819

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Books Description:

This book presents the state-of-the-art in supercomputer simulation. It includes the latest findings from leading researchers using systems from the High Performance Computing Center Stuttgart (HLRS) in 2017. The reports cover all fields of computational science and engineering ranging from CFD to computational physics and from chemistry to computer science with a special emphasis on industrially relevant applications. Presenting findings of one of Europe’s leading systems, this volume covers a wide variety of applications that deliver a high level of sustained performance.The book covers the main methods in high-performance computing. Its outstanding results in achieving the best performance for production codes are of particular interest for both scientists and engineers. The book comes with a wealth of color illustrations and tables of results.

Wavefield Inversion

Author:Armand Wirgin

Publisher:Springer

ISBN:3709124867

Total Pages:304

Viewed:1963

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Books Description:

This book provides an up-to-date presentation of a broad range of contemporary problems in inverse scattering involving acoustic, elastic and electromagnetic waves. Descriptions will be given of traditional (but still in use and subject to on-going improvements) and more recent methods for identifying either: a) the homogenized material parameters of (spatially) unbounded or bounded heterogeneous media, or b) the detailed composition (spatial distribution of the material parameters) of unbounded or bounded heterogeneous media, or c) the location, shape, orientation and material characteristics of an object embedded in a wellcharacterized homogeneous, homogenized or heterogeneous unbounded or bounded medium, by inversion of reflected, transmitted or scattered spatiotemporal recorded waveforms resulting from the propagation of probe radiation within the medium.

Encyclopedia of Geology

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Publisher:Academic Press

ISBN:0081029098

Total Pages:5622

Viewed:1677

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Books Description:

Encyclopedia of Geology, Second Edition presents in six volumes state-of-the-art reviews on the various aspects of geologic research, all of which have moved on considerably since the writing of the first edition. New areas of discussion include extinctions, origins of life, plate tectonics and its influence on faunal provinces, new types of mineral and hydrocarbon deposits, new methods of dating rocks, and geological processes. Users will find this to be a fundamental resource for teachers and students of geology, as well as researchers and non-geology professionals seeking up-to-date reviews of geologic research. Provides a comprehensive and accessible one-stop shop for information on the subject of geology, explaining methodologies and technical jargon used in the field Highlights connections between geology and other physical and biological sciences, tackling research problems that span multiple fields Fills a critical gap of information in a field that has seen significant progress in past years Presents an ideal reference for a wide range of scientists in earth and environmental areas of study

Computational Science and Its Applications – ICCSA 2021

Author:Osvaldo Gervasi,Beniamino Murgante,Sanjay Misra,Chiara Garau,Ivan Blečić,David Taniar,Bernady O. Apduhan,Ana Maria A.C. Rocha,Eufemia Tarantino,Carmelo Maria Torre

Publisher:Springer Nature

ISBN:3030869601

Total Pages:729

Viewed:615

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Books Description:

The ten-volume set LNCS 12949 – 12958 constitutes the proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Computational Science and Its Applications, ICCSA 2021, which was held in Cagliari, Italy, during September 13 – 16, 2021. The event was organized in a hybrid mode due to the Covid-19 pandemic. The 466 full and 18 short papers presented in these proceedings were carefully reviewed and selected from 1588 submissions. The books cover such topics as multicore architectures, mobile and wireless security, sensor networks, open source software, collaborative and social computing systems and tools, cryptography, human computer interaction, software design engineering, and others. Part II of the set follows two general tracks: geometric modeling, graphics and visualization; advanced and emerging applications. Further sections include the proceedings of the workshops: International Workshop on Advanced Transport Tools and Methods (A2TM 2021); International Workshop on Advances in Artificial Intelligence Learning Technologies: Blended Learning, STEM, Computational Thinking and Coding (AAILT 2021); International Workshop on Advancements in Applied Machine-learning and Data Analytics (AAMDA 2021). At the end of the book there is a block of short papers. The chapter "Spatial justice models: an exploratory analysis on fair distribution of opportunities" is published open access under a CC BY license (Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License). /div

Rockburst

Author:Xia-Ting Feng

Publisher:Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN:0128052058

Total Pages:570

Viewed:1694

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Books Description:

Rockburst: Mechanisms, Monitoring, Warning and Mitigation invites the most relevant researchers and practitioners worldwide to discuss the rock mechanics phenomenon related to increased stress and energy levels in intact rock introduced by drilling, explosion, blasting and other activities. When critical energy levels are reached, rockbursts can occur causing human and material losses in mining and tunneling environments. This book is the most comprehensive information source in English to cover rockbursts. Comprised of four main parts, the book covers in detail the theoretical concepts related to rockbursts, and introduces the current computational modeling techniques and laboratory tests available. The second part is devoted to case studies in mining (coal and metal) and tunneling environments worldwide. The third part covers the most recent advances in measurement and monitoring. Special focus is given to the interpretation of signals and reliability of systems. The following part addresses warning and risk mitigation through the proposition of a single risk assessment index and a comprehensive warning index to portray the stress status of the rock and a successful case study. The final part of the book discusses mitigation including best practices for distressing and efficiently supporting rock. Designed to provide the most comprehensive coverage, the book will provide practicing mining and tunneling engineers the theoretical background needed to better cope with the phenomenon, practical advice from case studies and practical mitigation actions and techniques. Academics in rock mechanics will appreciate this complete reference to rockburst, which features how to analyze stress signals and use computational modeling more efficiently. Offers understanding of the fundamental theoretical concepts of rockbursts Explores how to analyze signals from current monitoring systems Shows how to apply mitigating techniques in current work Identifies characteristics that should be measured in order to detect rockburst risk

Earthquake and Disaster Risk: Decade Retrospective of the Wenchuan Earthquake

Author:Yong-Gang Li

Publisher:Springer

ISBN:9811380155

Total Pages:245

Viewed:1785

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Books Description:

This book presents review papers and research articles focusing on the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake in Sichuan, China, discussing cross-disciplinary and multiple thematic aspects of modern seismological, geophysical, geological and stochastic methodology and technology. Resulting from international and regional earthquake research and disaster mitigation collaborations, and written by international authors from multiple institutions and disciplines, it describes methods and techniques in earthquake science based on investigations of the Wenchuan earthquake. It also includes extensive reference lists to aid further research. The book helps both senior researchers and graduate students in earthquake science to broaden their horizons in data analysis, numerical modeling and structural retrieval for the tectonic, geological, geophysical and mechanical interpretation of the 2008 M8 Wenchuan earthquake to support a global and regional cooperation for preparedness, and the mitigation and management of seismic risk.

Seismic Data Interpretation and Evaluation for Hydrocarbon Exploration and Production

Author:Niranjan C. Nanda

Publisher:Springer

ISBN:3319264915

Total Pages:224

Viewed:513

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Books Description:

This book introduces readers to the field of seismic data interpretation and evaluation, covering themes such as petroleum exploration and high resolution seismic data. It helps geoscientists and engineers who are practitioners in this area to both understand and to avoid the potential pitfalls of interpreting and evaluating such data, especially the over-reliance on sophisticated software packages and workstations alongside a lack of grasp on the elementary principles of geology and geophysics. Chapters elaborate on the necessary principles, from topics like seismic wave propagation and rock-fluid parameters to seismic modeling and inversions, explaining the need to understand geological implications. The difference between interpretation of data and its evaluation is highlighted and the author encourages imaginative, logical and practical application of knowledge. Readers will appreciate the exquisite illustrations included with the accessibly written text, which simplify the process of learning about interpretation of seismic data. This multidisciplinary, integrated and practical approach to data evaluation will prove to be a valuable tool for students and young professionals, especially those connected with oil companies.

Deep Learning: Algorithms and Applications

Author:Witold Pedrycz,Shyi-Ming Chen

Publisher:Springer Nature

ISBN:3030317609

Total Pages:360

Viewed:842

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Books Description:

This book presents a wealth of deep-learning algorithms and demonstrates their design process. It also highlights the need for a prudent alignment with the essential characteristics of the nature of learning encountered in the practical problems being tackled. Intended for readers interested in acquiring practical knowledge of analysis, design, and deployment of deep learning solutions to real-world problems, it covers a wide range of the paradigm’s algorithms and their applications in diverse areas including imaging, seismic tomography, smart grids, surveillance and security, and health care, among others. Featuring systematic and comprehensive discussions on the development processes, their evaluation, and relevance, the book offers insights into fundamental design strategies for algorithms of deep learning.

Random Media

Author:George Papanicolaou

Publisher:Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN:1461387256

Total Pages:321

Viewed:1876

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Books Description:

This IMA Volume in Mathematics and its Applications RANDOM MEDIA represents the proceedings of a workshop which was an integral part of the 1984-85 IMA program on STOCHASTIC DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS AND THEIR APPLICATIONS We are grateful to the Scientific Committee: Daniel Stroock (Chairman) \~ende 11 Fl emi ng Theodore Harris Pierre-Louis Lions Steven Orey George Papanicolaou for planning and implementing an exciting and stimulating year-long program. We especi ally thank George Papani col aOIJ for organi zi ng a workshop which produced fruitful interactions between mathematicians and scientists from both academia and industry. George R. Sell Hans I~ei nherger PREFACE During September 1985 a workshop on random media was held at the Institute for Mathematics and its Applications at the University of Minnesota. This was part of the program for the year on Probability and Stochastic Processes at IMA. The main objective of the workshop was to bring together researchers who work in a broad area including applications and mathematical methodology. The papers in this volume give an idea of what went on and they also represent a cross section of problems and methods that are currently of interest.

Direct Methods for Sparse Matrices

Author:I. S. Duff,A. M. Erisman,J. K. Reid

Publisher:Oxford University Press

ISBN:0192507516

Total Pages:416

Viewed:685

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Books Description:

The subject of sparse matrices has its root in such diverse fields as management science, power systems analysis, surveying, circuit theory, and structural analysis. Efficient use of sparsity is a key to solving large problems in many fields. This second edition is a complete rewrite of the first edition published 30 years ago. Much has changed since that time. Problems have grown greatly in size and complexity; nearly all examples in the first edition were of order less than 5,000 in the first edition, and are often more than a million in the second edition. Computer architectures are now much more complex, requiring new ways of adapting algorithms to parallel environments with memory hierarchies. Because the area is such an important one to all of computational science and engineering, a huge amount of research has been done in the last 30 years, some of it by the authors themselves. This new research is integrated into the text with a clear explanation of the underlying mathematics and algorithms. New research that is described includes new techniques for scaling and error control, new orderings, new combinatorial techniques for partitioning both symmetric and unsymmetric problems, and a detailed description of the multifrontal approach to solving systems that was pioneered by the research of the authors and colleagues. This includes a discussion of techniques for exploiting parallel architectures and new work for indefinite and unsymmetric systems.

Microearthquake Seismology and Seismotectonics of South Asia

Author:J.R. Kayal

Publisher:Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN:1402081804

Total Pages:503

Viewed:1487

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Books Description:

This volume is the outcome of about 30 years of research in the field of earthquake seismology in various parts of South Asia. It comprehensively deals with topics raning from plate tectonics to seismic waves in general. State-of-the-art techniques in earthquake location/relocation, fault plane solution, waveform inversion, seismic tomography, fractals etc. are discussed, and the results are interpreted in terms of seismic source processes in the region.

Computational Methods in Geophysical Electromagnetics

Author:Eldad Haber

Publisher:SIAM

ISBN:1611973805

Total Pages:144

Viewed:1348

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Books Description:

This monograph provides a framework for students and practitioners who are working on the solution of electromagnetic imaging in geophysics. Bridging the gap between theory and practical applied material (for example, inverse and forward problems), it provides a simple explanation of finite volume discretization, basic concepts in solving inverse problems through optimization, a summary of applied electromagnetics methods, and MATLAB?÷code for efficient computation.

Modern Solvers for Helmholtz Problems

Author:Domenico Lahaye,Jok Tang,Kees Vuik

Publisher:Birkhäuser

ISBN:3319288326

Total Pages:243

Viewed:1885

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Books Description:

This edited volume offers a state of the art overview of fast and robust solvers for the Helmholtz equation. The book consists of three parts: new developments and analysis in Helmholtz solvers, practical methods and implementations of Helmholtz solvers, and industrial applications. The Helmholtz equation appears in a wide range of science and engineering disciplines in which wave propagation is modeled. Examples are: seismic inversion, ultrasone medical imaging, sonar detection of submarines, waves in harbours and many more. The partial differential equation looks simple but is hard to solve. In order to approximate the solution of the problem numerical methods are needed. First a discretization is done. Various methods can be used: (high order) Finite Difference Method, Finite Element Method, Discontinuous Galerkin Method and Boundary Element Method. The resulting linear system is large, where the size of the problem increases with increasing frequency. Due to higher frequencies the seismic images need to be more detailed and, therefore, lead to numerical problems of a larger scale. To solve these three dimensional problems fast and robust, iterative solvers are required. However for standard iterative methods the number of iterations to solve the system becomes too large. For these reason a number of new methods are developed to overcome this hurdle. The book is meant for researchers both from academia and industry and graduate students. A prerequisite is knowledge on partial differential equations and numerical linear algebra.

Elements for Physics

Author:Albert Tarantola

Publisher:Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN:3540311076

Total Pages:266

Viewed:360

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Books Description:

Reviews and extends the theory of Lie groups, develops differential geometry, proposing compact definitions of torsion and of curvature, and adapts the usual notion of linear tangent application to the intrinsic point of view proposed for physics. Uses a unifying illustration: two simple theories are studied with some detail, the theory of heat conduction and the theory of linear elastic media. Shows that the resulting equations derived in this manner differ quantitatively and qualitatively from those usually presented.

Wave Fields in Real Media

Author:José M. Carcione

Publisher:Elsevier

ISBN:0081000030

Total Pages:690

Viewed:1957

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Books Description:

Authored by the internationally renowned José M. Carcione, Wave Fields in Real Media: Wave Propagation in Anisotropic, Anelastic, Porous and Electromagnetic Media examines the differences between an ideal and a real description of wave propagation, starting with the introduction of relevant stress-strain relations. The combination of this relation and the equations of momentum conservation lead to the equation of motion. The differential formulation is written in terms of memory variables, and Biot's theory is used to describe wave propagation in porous media. For each rheology, a plane-wave analysis is performed in order to understand the physics of wave propagation. This book contains a review of the main direct numerical methods for solving the equation of motion in the time and space domains. The emphasis is on geophysical applications for seismic exploration, but researchers in the fields of earthquake seismology, rock acoustics, and material science - including many branches of acoustics of fluids and solids - may also find this text useful. New to this edition: This new edition presents the fundamentals of wave propagation in Anisotropic, Anelastic, Porous Media while also incorporating the latest research from the past 7 years, including that of the author. The author presents all the equations and concepts necessary to understand the physics of wave propagation. These equations form the basis for modeling and inversion of seismic and electromagnetic data. Additionally, demonstrations are given, so the book can be used to teach post-graduate courses. Addition of new and revised content is approximately 30%. Examines the fundamentals of wave propagation in anisotropic, anelastic and porous media Presents all equations and concepts necessary to understand the physics of wave propagation, with examples Emphasizes geophysics, particularly, seismic exploration for hydrocarbon reservoirs, which is essential for exploration and production of oil

Geostatistical Methods for Reservoir Geophysics

Author:Leonardo Azevedo,Amílcar Soares

Publisher:Springer

ISBN:3319532014

Total Pages:141

Viewed:1918

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Books Description:

This book presents a geostatistical framework for data integration into subsurface Earth modeling. It offers extensive geostatistical background information, including detailed descriptions of the main geostatistical tools traditionally used in Earth related sciences to infer the spatial distribution of a given property of interest. This framework is then directly linked with applications in the oil and gas industry and how it can be used as the basis to simultaneously integrate geophysical data (e.g. seismic reflection data) and well-log data into reservoir modeling and characterization. All of the cutting-edge methodologies presented here are first approached from a theoretical point of view and then supplemented by sample applications from real case studies involving different geological scenarios and different challenges. The book offers a valuable resource for students who are interested in learning more about the fascinating world of geostatistics and reservoir modeling and characterization. It offers them a deeper understanding of the main geostatistical concepts and how geostatistics can be used to achieve better data integration and reservoir modeling.

Imaging, Modeling and Assimilation in Seismology

Author:Yong-Gang Li

Publisher:Walter de Gruyter

ISBN:3110259036

Total Pages:272

Viewed:1959

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Books Description:

This work presents current approaches in geophysical research of earthquakes. A global authorship from top institutions presents case studies to model, measure, and monitor earthquakes. Among others a full-3D waveform tomography method is introduced, as well as propagator methods for modeling and imaging. In particular the earthquake prediction method makes this book a must-read for researchers in the field.

Inverse Problem Theory and Methods for Model Parameter Estimation

Author:Albert Tarantola

Publisher:SIAM

ISBN:9780898717921

Total Pages:342

Viewed:1160

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Books Description:

While the prediction of observations is a forward problem, the use of actual observations to infer the properties of a model is an inverse problem. Inverse problems are difficult because they may not have a unique solution. The description of uncertainties plays a central role in the theory, which is based on probability theory. This book proposes a general approach that is valid for linear as well as for nonlinear problems. The philosophy is essentially probabilistic and allows the reader to understand the basic difficulties appearing in the resolution of inverse problems. The book attempts to explain how a method of acquisition of information can be applied to actual real-world problems, and many of the arguments are heuristic.

Optimization and Regularization for Computational Inverse Problems and Applications

Author:Yanfei Wang,Anatoly G. Yagola,Changchun Yang

Publisher:Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN:3642137423

Total Pages:400

Viewed:1158

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Books Description:

"Optimization and Regularization for Computational Inverse Problems and Applications" focuses on advances in inversion theory and recent developments with practical applications, particularly emphasizing the combination of optimization and regularization for solving inverse problems. This book covers both the methods, including standard regularization theory, Fejer processes for linear and nonlinear problems, the balancing principle, extrapolated regularization, nonstandard regularization, nonlinear gradient method, the nonmonotone gradient method, subspace method and Lie group method; and the practical applications, such as the reconstruction problem for inverse scattering, molecular spectra data processing, quantitative remote sensing inversion, seismic inversion using the Lie group method, and the gravitational lensing problem. Scientists, researchers and engineers, as well as graduate students engaged in applied mathematics, engineering, geophysics, medical science, image processing, remote sensing and atmospheric science will benefit from this book. Dr. Yanfei Wang is a Professor at the Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China. Dr. Sc. Anatoly G. Yagola is a Professor and Assistant Dean of the Physical Faculty, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Russia. Dr. Changchun Yang is a Professor and Vice Director of the Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China.

Theoretical Global Seismology

Author:F. A. Dahlen,Jeroen Tromp

Publisher:Princeton University Press

ISBN:0691216150

Total Pages:N.A

Viewed:1938

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Books Description:

After every major earthquake, the Earth rings like a bell for several days. These free oscillations of the Earth and the related propagating body and surface waves are routinely detected at broad-band seismographic stations around the world. In this book, F. A. Dahlen and Jeroen Tromp present an advanced theoretical treatment of global seismology, describing the normal-mode, body-wave, and surface-wave methods employed in the determination of the Earth's three-dimensional internal structure and the source mechanisms of earthquakes. The authors provide a survey of both the history of global seismological research and the major theoretical and observational advances made in the past decade. The book is divided into three parts. In the first, "Foundations," Dahlen and Tromp give an extensive introduction to continuum mechanics and discuss the representation of seismic sources and the free oscillations of a completely general Earth model. The resulting theory should provide the basis for future scientific discussions of the elastic-gravitational deformation of the Earth. The second part, "The Spherical Earth," is devoted to the free oscillations of a spherically symmetric Earth. In the third part, "The Aspherical Earth," the authors discuss methods of dealing with the Earth's three-dimensional heterogeneity. The book is concerned primarily with the forward problem of global seismology--detailing how synthetic seismograms and spectra may be calculated and interpreted. As a long-needed unification of theories in global seismology, the book will be important to graduate students and to professional seismologists, geodynamicists, and geomagnetists, as well as to astronomers who study the free oscillations of the Sun and other stars.

High Performance Computing in Science and Engineering, Garching/Munich 2009

Author:Siegfried Wagner,Matthias Steinmetz,Arndt Bode,Markus Michael Müller

Publisher:Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN:3642138721

Total Pages:780

Viewed:1262

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Books Description:

The Leibniz Supercomputing Centre (LRZ) and the Bavarian Competence Network for Technical and Scienti?c High Performance Computing (KONWIHR) publish in the present book results of numerical simulations facilitated by the High P- formance Computer System in Bavaria (HLRB II) within the last two years. The papers were presented at the Fourth Joint HLRB and KONWIHR Review and - sult Workshop in Garching on 8th and 9th December 2009, and were selected from all progress reports of projects that use the HLRB II. Similar to the workshop two years ago, the majority of the contributed papers belong to the area of computational ?uid dynamics (CFD), condensed matter physics, astrophysics, chemistry, computer sciences and high-energy physics. We note a considerable increase of the user c- munity in some areas: Compared to 2007, the number of papers increased from 6 to 12 in condensed matter physics and from 2 to 5 in high-energy physics. Bio s- ences contributed only one paper in 2007, but four papers in 2009. This indicates that the area of application of supercomputers is continuously growing and entering new ?elds of research. The year 2007 saw two major events of particular importance for the LRZ. First, after a substantial upgrade with dual-core processors the SGI Altix 4700 superc- puter reached a peak performance of more than 62 Tera?op/s. And second, the n- pro?t organization Gauss Centre for Supercomputing e. V. (GCS) was founded on April 13th.

Forensic Explosion Seismology

Author:So Gu Kim

Publisher:Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN:1527547876

Total Pages:531

Viewed:1599

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Books Description:

This book discusses three major physical phenomena for active source seismology, namely underwater explosions, underground nuclear explosions, and large-scale on-surface chemical explosions. In particular, contributors consider how to use the technologies and applications in active source seismology and seismo-acoustics, rather than the theoretical approach for the resolution of the forensic explosion seismology in the light of an application for defense sciences. The volume also presents seismological investigations of discrimination between earthquakes and man-made explosions.