The Crown of Thorns

Author:,

Publisher:CRC Press

ISBN:1351380818

Total Pages:256

Viewed:1278

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This book addresses the fundamentals of CO2 storage for long-term sequestration in a subsurface geologic formation. In general, membrane gas separation can find a large room of application in flue gas. To achieve the development of this technology on a larger scale than which is possible in the lab we have to use membrane engineering. Consequently, greater emphasis is placed on novel materials for gas separation. Possible design strategies and role of novel materials are discussed. Additionally, the latest progress in design and preparation of asymmetric membranes for natural gas purification are highlighted. In fact, further development should focus on module and process design in order to bring gas separation membrane technology into commercial application. Therefore, the keys issues to propel current research towards industrial application are examined. Besides, the feasibility of implementing polyimide membrane for CO2 removal under real industrial conditions and its economic viability are highlighted. In order to exhibit excellent film-forming properties, zeolite membrane and cellulose acetate butyrate membrane areaddressed. Interestingly, it was found that the most accurate theoretical three-phase model is arguably revised Pal model with average percentage error of 0.74%.

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Carbon Sequestration in Forests

Author:Ross W. Gorte

Publisher:DIANE Publishing

ISBN:1437922678

Total Pages:23

Viewed:381

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Contents: (1) Background: Congressional Interest in Carbon Sequestration; (2) Carbon Cycling in Forests: The Forest Cycle; Forest Types: Tropical Forests; Temperate Forests; Boreal Forests; (3) Measuring and Altering Forest Carbon Levels: Forest Carbon Accounting; Land Use Changes; Forestry Events and Management Activities: Vegetation and Soil Carbon; Forest Events ¿ Wildfires; Forestry Practices; Wood Energy; Leakage: Land Use Leakage; Product Demand Leakage; Federal Government Programs: Federal Forests; Federal Assistance for State and Private Forestry; Federal Tax Expenditures; Federal Programs Affecting Land Use; Accounting for Forest Carbon Sequestration; (4) Conclusions. Table.

Carbon Dioxide Sequestration in Cementitious Construction Materials

Author:Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Caijun Shi,Angel Palomo

Publisher:Woodhead Publishing

ISBN:0081024479

Total Pages:474

Viewed:1489

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Books Description:

Carbon Dioxide Sequestration in Cementitious Construction Materials provides an updated, state-of-the-art review on the development of cementitious construction materials based on carbon dioxide storage, which will have a major eco-efficient and economic benefit for the construction industry. Key chapters include methods for the assessment of carbon dioxide absorbed by cementitious materials, air and water-based carbon dioxide storage, carbon dioxide storage modeling, carbonation mechanisms, carbon dioxide storage on recycled aggregates, calcium, sodium and magnesium- based binders, properties and the durability of carbon dioxide based concrete. Promotes the importance of CO2 storage in carbonation of these materials, especially reincorporation of CO2 during fabrication Discusses a wide range of cementitious materials with CO2 storage capabilities Features redesign of cementation mechanisms to utilize CO2 during fabrication

Carbon Sequestration in Forest Ecosystems

Author:Klaus Lorenz,Rattan Lal

Publisher:Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN:9789048132669

Total Pages:279

Viewed:935

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Books Description:

Carbon Sequestration in Forest Ecosystems is a comprehensive book describing the basic processes of carbon dynamics in forest ecosystems, their contribution to carbon sequestration and implications for mitigating abrupt climate change. This book provides the information on processes, factors and causes influencing carbon sequestration in forest ecosystems. Drawing upon most up-to-date references, this book summarizes the current understanding of carbon sequestration processes in forest ecosystems while identifying knowledge gaps for future research, Thus, this book is a valuable knowledge source for students, scientists, forest managers and policy makers.

Chemistry and Pharmacology

Author:,

Publisher:Academic Press

ISBN:9780080865713

Total Pages:381

Viewed:727

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Internationally acclaimed for more than forty years, this serial, founded by the late Professor R.H.F. Manske, continues to provide outstanding coverage of the rapidly expanding field of the chemotaxonomy, structureelucidation, synthesis, biosynthesis, and biology of all classes of alkaloids from higher and lower plants, marine organisms, or various terrestrial animals. Each volume provides, through its distinguished authors, up-to-date and detailed coverage of particular classes or sources of alkaloids. Over the years, this series has become the standard in natural product chemistry to which all other book series aspire. The Alkaloids: Chemistry and Pharmacology endures as an essential reference for all natural product chemists and biologists who have an interest in alkaloids, their diversity, and their unique biological profile. Indispensible reference work written by leading experts in the field Provides up-to-date, timely reviews on compounds and classes of great interest Covers synthesis, biosynthesis, biology, as well as isolation and structure elucidation An essential research tool for anyone working with alkaloids from a chemical or biological perspective

Management of Carbon Sequestration in Soil

Author:Rattan Lal

Publisher:CRC Press

ISBN:1351091158

Total Pages:473

Viewed:537

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Books Description:

This book addresses the importance of soil processes in the global carbon cycle.Agricultural activities considered responsible for an increase in CO2 levels in our atmosphere include: deforestation, biomass burning, tillage and intensive cultivation, and drainage of wetlands.However, agriculture can also be a solution to the problem in which carbon can be removed from the atmosphere and permanently sequestered into the soil. Management of Carbon Sequestration in Soil highlights the importance of world soils as a sink for atmospheric carbon and discusses the impact of tillage, conservation reserve programs (CRP), management of grasslands and woodlands, and other soil and crop management and land use practices that lead to carbon sequestration.

Sequestered Hearts

Author:Erin Dutton

Publisher:Bold Strokes Books Inc

ISBN:1602823227

Total Pages:256

Viewed:1412

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Books Description:

A popular artist suddenly goes into seclusion; a reluctant reporter wants to know why; and a heart locked away yearns to be set free. Sometimes the greatest test of love is the willingness to take a chance when there are no guarantees. At the peak of her career, painter Cori Saxton's life changes irrevocably. With her future suddenly uncertain, she seeks refuge at her country home in Upstate New York where she successfully manages to shut out most of the world—until journalist Bennett McClain is assigned to get the story. Soon Cori has to remind herself that the charming reporter is simply there to do a job, even though something about the woman makes her want to reveal all her carefully guarded secrets. When Bennett accepted the assignment, she didn't expect to find Cori so attractive, on so many levels. Cori's intensity and energy are more appealing than down-to-earth Bennett cares to admit. But when Bennett discovers the truth behind Cori's seclusion, she is torn between a desire to soothe away Cori's pain and the instinct to flee that is born of her own painful past.

Economics of Carbon Sequestration in Forestry

Author:Terry J. Logan

Publisher:CRC Press

ISBN:1000144305

Total Pages:376

Viewed:1404

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Books Description:

Since the 1992 Earth Summit, there have been increased efforts on an international scale to address global climate change. Reducing the increased levels of CO2 and other "greenhouse gases," which are believed to be contributing to this climatic change, will require major effort on the part of the world's governments. This means that the environmental, economic, social, and political consequences of climate change must be understood, and that strategies to mitigate climate change must also address these issues. The workshop detailed in this book concentrated on how economic principles and analysis could contribute to the planning of forestry projects aimed at affecting terrestrial carbon balances. More than 30 international scientists came together for one week near Stockholm, Sweden and divided into working groups charged with addressing a specific issue and preparing a paper within this time frame. This book contains the majority of papers presented at this meeting, and includes both the working group papers and the individually presented papers.

Geological Sequestration of Carbon Dioxide

Author:Luigi Marini

Publisher:Elsevier

ISBN:9780080466880

Total Pages:470

Viewed:1029

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The contents of this monograph are two-scope. First, it intends to provide a synthetic but complete account of the thermodynamic and kinetic foundations on which the reaction path modeling of geological CO2 sequestration is based. In particular, a great effort is devoted to review the thermodynamic properties of CO2 and of the CO2-H2O system and the interactions in the aqueous solution, the thermodynamic stability of solid product phases (by means of several stability plots and activity plots), the volumes of carbonation reactions, and especially the kinetics of dissolution/precipitation reactions of silicates, oxides, hydroxides, and carbonates. Second, it intends to show the reader how reaction path modeling of geological CO2 sequestration is carried out. To this purpose the well-known high-quality EQ3/6 software package is used. Setting up of computer simulations and obtained results are described in detail and used EQ3/6 input files are given to guide the reader step-by-step from the beginning to the end of these exercises. Finally, some examples of reaction-path- and reaction-transport-modeling taken from the available literature are presented. The results of these simulations are of fundamental importance to evaluate the amounts of potentially sequestered CO2, and their evolution with time, as well as the time changes of all the other relevant geochemical parameters (e.g., amounts of solid reactants and products, composition of the aqueous phase, pH, redox potential, effects on aquifer porosity). In other words, in this way we are able to predict what occurs when CO2 is injected into a deep aquifer. * Provides applications for investigating and predicting geological carbon dioxide sequestration * Reviews the geochemical literature in the field * Discusses the importance of geochemists in the multidisciplinary study of geological carbon dioxide sequestration

Carbon Sequestration and Its Role in the Global Carbon Cycle

Author:Brian J. McPherson,Eric T. Sundquist

Publisher:John Wiley & Sons

ISBN:1118671791

Total Pages:359

Viewed:715

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Books Description:

Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 183. For carbon sequestration the issues of monitoring, risk assessment, and verification of carbon content and storage efficacy are perhaps the most uncertain. Yet these issues are also the most critical challenges facing the broader context of carbon sequestration as a means for addressing climate change. In response to these challenges, Carbon Sequestration and Its Role in the Global Carbon Cycle presents current perspectives and research that combine five major areas: The global carbon cycle and verification and assessment of global carbon sources and sinks Potential capacity and temporal/spatial scales of terrestrial, oceanic, and geologic carbon storage Assessing risks and benefits associated with terrestrial, oceanic, and geologic carbon storage Predicting, monitoring, and verifying effectiveness of different forms of carbon storage Suggested new CO2 sequestration research and management paradigms for the future. The volume is based on a Chapman Conference and will appeal to the rapidly growing group of scientists and engineers examining methods for deliberate carbon sequestration through storage in plants, soils, the oceans, and geological repositories.

Carbon Dioxide Sequestration and Related Technologies

Author:Ying Wu,John J. Carroll,Zhimin Du

Publisher:John Wiley & Sons

ISBN:1118175530

Total Pages:508

Viewed:1268

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Books Description:

Carbon dioxide sequestration is a technology that is being explored to curb the anthropogenic emission of CO2 into the atmosphere. Carbon dioxide has been implicated in the global climate change and reducing them is a potential solution. The injection of carbon dioxide for enhanced oil recovery (EOR) has the duel benefit of sequestering the CO2 and extending the life of some older fields. Sequestering CO2 and EOR have many shared elements that make them comparable. This volume presents some of the latest information on these processes covering physical properties, operations, design, reservoir engineering, and geochemistry for AGI and the related technologies.

Symptom-Based Diagnosis in Pediatrics (CHOP Morning Report)

Author:Samir Shah,Stephen Ludwig

Publisher:McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN:0071601759

Total Pages:550

Viewed:670

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A CASE-BASED GUIDE TO PEDIATRIC DIAGNOSIS, CONVENIENTLY ORGANIZED BY PRESENTING SYMPTOMS Symptom-Based Diagnosis in Pediatrics features 19 chapters, each devoted to a common pediatric complaint. Within each chapter, five to eight case presentations teach the diagnostic approach to the symptom. The case presentations follow a consistent outline of History, Physical Examination, and Course of Illness, and are followed by discussion of the Differential Diagnosis, Diagnosis Incidence and Epidemiology, Clinical Manifestations, Diagnostic Approach, and Treatment. Cases are illustrated with vibrant full-color photographs and include numerous tables comparing potential diagnoses. Organized by symptoms--the way patients actually present More than 100 cases teach the diagnostic approach to a symptom Cases illustrate how the same complaint can have a variety of causes Full-color clinical photos and illustrations sharpen your visual diagnosis skills Valuable tables detail the most frequent causes of common symptoms CASE-BASED COVERAGE OF THE SYMPTOMS YOU'RE MOST LIKELY TO ENCOUNTER IN PEDIATRIC PRACTICE Wheezing * Decreased Activity Level * Vomiting * Coughing * Back, Joint, and Extremity Pain * Poor Weight Gain * Abdominal Pain * Altered Mental Status * Rash * Pallor * Fever * Constipation * Neck Swelling * Chest Pain * Jaundice * Abnormal Gait * Diarrhea * Syncope * Seizures Editors Samir S. Shah, MD, MSCE is Director, Division of Hospital Medicine, James M. Ewell Endowed Chair, and Attending Physician in Hospital Medicine & Infectious Diseases at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center; and Professor in the Department of Pediatrics at the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine. Stephen Ludwig, MD is Chairman of the Graduate Medical Education Committee and Continuing Medical Education Committee and an attending physician in general pediatrics at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia; and Emeritus Professor of Pediatrics at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.

Encyclopedia of Environmental Health

Author:,

Publisher:Elsevier

ISBN:0444639527

Total Pages:4884

Viewed:1362

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Books Description:

Encyclopedia of Environmental Health, Second Edition presents the newest release in this fundamental reference that updates and broadens the umbrella of environmental health— especially social and environmental health—for its readers. There is ongoing revolution in governance, policies and intervention strategies aimed at evolving changes in health disparities, disease burden, trans-boundary transport and health hazards. This new edition reflects these realities, mapping new directions in the field that include how to minimize threats and develop new scientific paradigms that address emerging local, national and global environmental concerns. Represents a one-stop resource for scientifically reliable information on environmental health Fills a critical gap, with information on one of the most rapidly growing scientific fields of our time Provides comparative approaches to environmental health practice and research in different countries and regions of the world Covers issues behind specific questions and describes the best available scientific methods for environmental risk assessment

Carbon Sequestration for Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation

Author:David A. N. Ussiri,Rattan Lal

Publisher:Springer

ISBN:3319538454

Total Pages:549

Viewed:1085

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Books Description:

This book provides an understanding of the role of human activities in accelerating change in global carbon cycling summarizes current knowledge of the contemporary carbon budget. Starting from the geological history, this volume follows a multidisciplinary approach to analyze the role of human activities in perturbing carbon cycling by quantifying changes in different reservoirs and fluxes of carbon with emphasis on the anthropogenic activities, especially after the industrial revolution. It covers the role of different mitigation options – natural ecological, engineered, and geoengineered processes as well as the emerging field of climate engineering in avoiding dangerous abrupt climate change. Although the targeted audience is the educators, students, researchers and scientific community, the simplified analysis and synthesis of current and up to date scientific literature makes the volume easier to understand and a tool policy makers can use to make an informed policy decisions.

Agricultural Practices and Policies for Carbon Sequestration in Soil

Author:John M. Kimble,Rattan Lal,Ronald F. Follett

Publisher:CRC Press

ISBN:1420032291

Total Pages:536

Viewed:729

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Books Description:

The potential to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions and global climate change is one factor driving agricultural policy development of programs that might pay farmers for practices with a high potential to sequester carbon. With chapters by economists, policy makers, farmers, land managers, energy company representatives, and soil scientists, Agricu

Negative Emissions Technologies and Reliable Sequestration

Author:National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Ocean Studies Board,Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology,Board on Earth Sciences and Resources,Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources,Board on Energy and Environmental Systems,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Committee on Developing a Research Agenda for Carbon Dioxide Removal and Reliable Sequestration

Publisher:National Academies Press

ISBN:0309484553

Total Pages:510

Viewed:518

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Books Description:

To achieve goals for climate and economic growth, "negative emissions technologies" (NETs) that remove and sequester carbon dioxide from the air will need to play a significant role in mitigating climate change. Unlike carbon capture and storage technologies that remove carbon dioxide emissions directly from large point sources such as coal power plants, NETs remove carbon dioxide directly from the atmosphere or enhance natural carbon sinks. Storing the carbon dioxide from NETs has the same impact on the atmosphere and climate as simultaneously preventing an equal amount of carbon dioxide from being emitted. Recent analyses found that deploying NETs may be less expensive and less disruptive than reducing some emissions, such as a substantial portion of agricultural and land-use emissions and some transportation emissions. In 2015, the National Academies published Climate Intervention: Carbon Dioxide Removal and Reliable Sequestration, which described and initially assessed NETs and sequestration technologies. This report acknowledged the relative paucity of research on NETs and recommended development of a research agenda that covers all aspects of NETs from fundamental science to full-scale deployment. To address this need, Negative Emissions Technologies and Reliable Sequestration: A Research Agenda assesses the benefits, risks, and "sustainable scale potential" for NETs and sequestration. This report also defines the essential components of a research and development program, including its estimated costs and potential impact.

Carbon sequestration in tropical grassland ecosystems

Author:L. 't Mannetje,M.C. Amézquita,P. Buurman,M.A. Ibrahim

Publisher:Wageningen Academic Publishers

ISBN:9086860265

Total Pages:224

Viewed:1930

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Books Description:

The increasing scientific consensus on global warming, together with the precautionary principle and the fear of non-linear climate transitions is leading to increasing action to mitigate global warming. To help mitigate global warming, carbon storage by forests is often mentioned as the only or the best way to reduce the CO2 concentration in the atmosphere.This book presents evidence that tropical grasslands, which cover 50% of the earth's surface, are as important as forests for the sequestration of carbon.Results are reported of a large five year on-farm research project carried out in Latin America (Colombia, Costa Rica). Soil and vegetation carbon stocks of long-established pasture, fodder bank and silvopastoral systems on commercial farms were compared with those of adjacent forest and degraded land. The objective was to identify production systems that both increase livestock productivity and farm income and, at the same time, contribute to a reduction of carbon accumulation in the atmosphere.The project was carried out in four ecosystems: the Andean hillsides of the semi-evergreen forest in Colombia; the Colombian humid Amazonian tropical forest ecosystem; the sub-humid tropical forest ecosystem on the Pacific Coast of Costa Rica; and the humid tropical forest ecosystem on the Atlantic Coast of Costa Rica.The book is recommended reading for research and teaching scientists and policy makers with an interest to mitigating global warming.

Introduction to Carbon Capture and Sequestration

Author:Berend Smit,Jeffrey A Reimer,Curtis M Oldenburg,Ian C Bourg

Publisher:World Scientific

ISBN:178326330X

Total Pages:596

Viewed:692

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Books Description:

The aim of the book is to provide an understanding of the current science underpinning Carbon Capture and Sequestration (CCS) and to provide students and interested researchers with sufficient background on the basics of Chemical Engineering, Material Science, and Geology that they can understand the current state of the art of the research in the field of CCS. In addition, the book provides a comprehensive discussion of the impact of CCS on the energy landscape, society, and climate as these topics govern the success of the science being done in this field. The book is aimed at undergraduate students, graduate students, scientists, and professionals who would like to gain a broad multidisciplinary view of the research that is being carried out to solve one of greatest challenges of our generation. Contents:Energy and ElectricityThe Atmosphere and Climate ModelingThe Carbon CycleIntroduction to Carbon CaptureAbsorptionAdsorptionMembranesIntroduction to Geological SequestrationFluids and RocksLarge-Scale Geological Carbon SequestrationLand Use and Geo-EngineeringList of SymbolsCredits Readership: Students taking courses on environmental sciences and research level individuals who are interested in environmental issues related to CCS. Key Features:The first comprehensive textbook on Carbon Capture and Sequestration (CCS)A comprehensive discussion on the science of CCS and its impact on society and climateA multidisciplinary approach to CCS by the leading US research centers on CCSKeywords:Carbon Capture;Carbon Storage;Carbon Sequestration;Gas Separations

Carbon Sequestration in Agricultural Ecosystems

Author:Klaus Lorenz,Rattan Lal

Publisher:Springer

ISBN:3319923188

Total Pages:392

Viewed:1038

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Books Description:

A comprehensive book on basic processes of soil C dynamics and the underlying factors and causes which determine the technical and economic potential of soil C sequestration. The book provides information on the dynamics of both inorganic (lithogenic and pedogenic carbonates) and organic C (labile, intermediate and passive). It describes different types of agroecosystems, and lists questions at the end of each chapter to stimulate thinking and promote academic dialogue. Each chapter has a bibliography containing up-to-date references on the current research, and provides the state-of-the-knowledge while also identifying the knowledge gaps for future research. The critical need for restoring C stocks in world soils is discussed in terms of provisioning of essential ecosystem services (food security, carbon sequestration, water quality and renewability, and biodiversity). It is of interest to students, scientists, and policy makers.

Carbon Sequestration Potential of Agroforestry Systems

Author:B. Mohan Kumar,P. K. Ramachandran Nair

Publisher:Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN:9789400716308

Total Pages:310

Viewed:1289

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Books Description:

Tree based production systems abound especially in the tropics. Despite the pervasiveness of such multipurpose “trees-outside-forest” resources, they have not attracted adequate attention in the development paradigms of many nation states. These multispecies production systems impact the ecosystem processes favourably. Yet, our understanding of the diversity attributes and carbon dynamics under agroforestry is not adequate. This book focuses on the role of multispecies production systems involving tree and crop species as a means for carbon sequestration and thereby reduce atmospheric carbon dioxide levels. Sixteen chapters organized into three broad sections titled: Measurement and Estimation, Agrobiodiversity and Tree Management, and Policy and Socioeconomic Aspects represent a cross section of the opportunities and challenges in current research and emerging issues in harnessing carbon sequestration potential of agroforestry systems.